(CNN)Extreme heat and dry conditions are fueling raging wildfires in the western US, charring more than a million acres, requiring evacuations and creating smoky conditions visible from space.

The fires have caused power outages, destroyed structures and prompted the deployment of the Oregon National Guard.As extreme drought still grips most of the West and the fires have become so intense they’ve created their own weather systems, the threat of more fires remains.In Oregon — where eight fires have burned nearly 475,000 acres — officials said the current fire season is unlike any they’ve seen before. Nicolas Bey, 11, hugs his father, Sayyid Bey, on Monday, July 19, near a donated trailer they are using after their home was burned in the Bootleg Fire near Beatty, Oregon.Nicolas Bey, 11, hugs his father, Sayyid Bey, on Monday, July 19, near a donated trailer they are using after their home was burned in the Bootleg Fire near Beatty, Oregon. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestNicolas Bey, 11, hugs his father, Sayyid Bey, on Monday, July 19, near a donated trailer they are using after their home was burned in the Bootleg Fire near Beatty, Oregon.Hide Caption 1 of 20Firefighters extinguish hot spots in an area affected by the Bootleg Fire near Bly, Oregon, on July 19.Firefighters extinguish hot spots in an area affected by the Bootleg Fire near Bly, Oregon, on July 19. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestFirefighters extinguish hot spots in an area affected by the Bootleg Fire near Bly, Oregon, on July 19.Hide Caption 2 of 20The Tamarack Fire burns in Markleeville, California, near the Nevada border, on Saturday, July 17. The fire was sparked by lightning on July 4 and has triggered mandatory evacuations for a number of campgrounds and neighborhoods in the area.The Tamarack Fire burns in Markleeville, California, near the Nevada border, on Saturday, July 17. The fire was sparked by lightning on July 4 and has triggered mandatory evacuations for a number of campgrounds and neighborhoods in the area. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestThe Tamarack Fire burns in Markleeville, California, near the Nevada border, on Saturday, July 17. The fire was sparked by lightning on July 4 and has triggered mandatory evacuations for a number of campgrounds and neighborhoods in the area.Hide Caption 3 of 20A member of the Northwest Incident Management Team 12 holds a map of the Chuweah Creek Fire as wildfires devastated Nespelem, Washington, on Friday, July 16.A member of the Northwest Incident Management Team 12 holds a map of the Chuweah Creek Fire as wildfires devastated Nespelem, Washington, on Friday, July 16. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestA member of the Northwest Incident Management Team 12 holds a map of the Chuweah Creek Fire as wildfires devastated Nespelem, Washington, on Friday, July 16.Hide Caption 4 of 20A cloud from the Bootleg Fire drifts into the air near Bly, Oregon, on July 16.A cloud from the Bootleg Fire drifts into the air near Bly, Oregon, on July 16. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestA cloud from the Bootleg Fire drifts into the air near Bly, Oregon, on July 16.Hide Caption 5 of 20Firefighters spray water from the Union Pacific Railroad's fire train while battling the Dixie Fire in California's Plumas National Forest on July 16.Firefighters spray water from the Union Pacific Railroad's fire train while battling the Dixie Fire in California's Plumas National Forest on July 16. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestFirefighters spray water from the Union Pacific Railroad’s fire train while battling the Dixie Fire in California’s Plumas National Forest on July 16.Hide Caption 6 of 20Horses climb a hillside that was burned by the Chuweah Creek Fire in eastern Washington.Horses climb a hillside that was burned by the Chuweah Creek Fire in eastern Washington. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestHorses climb a hillside that was burned by the Chuweah Creek Fire in eastern Washington.Hide Caption 7 of 20Fire from the Bootleg Fire illuminates smoke near Bly, Oregon, on the night of July 16.Fire from the Bootleg Fire illuminates smoke near Bly, Oregon, on the night of July 16. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestFire from the Bootleg Fire illuminates smoke near Bly, Oregon, on the night of July 16.Hide Caption 8 of 20A firefighter battles the Bootleg Fire in the Fremont-Winema National Forest, along the Oregon and California border, on Thursday, July 15.A firefighter battles the Bootleg Fire in the Fremont-Winema National Forest, along the Oregon and California border, on Thursday, July 15. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestA firefighter battles the Bootleg Fire in the Fremont-Winema National Forest, along the Oregon and California border, on Thursday, July 15.Hide Caption 9 of 20A firefighting aircraft drops flame retardant on the Bootleg Fire in Bly, Oregon, on July 15.A firefighting aircraft drops flame retardant on the Bootleg Fire in Bly, Oregon, on July 15. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestA firefighting aircraft drops flame retardant on the Bootleg Fire in Bly, Oregon, on July 15.Hide Caption 10 of 20Firefighters dig away at hot spots underneath stumps and brush after flames from the Snake River Complex Fire swept through the area south of Lewiston, Idaho, on July 15.Firefighters dig away at hot spots underneath stumps and brush after flames from the Snake River Complex Fire swept through the area south of Lewiston, Idaho, on July 15. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestFirefighters dig away at hot spots underneath stumps and brush after flames from the Snake River Complex Fire swept through the area south of Lewiston, Idaho, on July 15.Hide Caption 11 of 20Burned cars sit outside a home that was destroyed by the Chuweah Creek Fire in Nespelem, Washington.Burned cars sit outside a home that was destroyed by the Chuweah Creek Fire in Nespelem, Washington. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestBurned cars sit outside a home that was destroyed by the Chuweah Creek Fire in Nespelem, Washington.Hide Caption 12 of 20Evacuee Dee McCarley hugs her cat Bunny at a Red Cross center in Klamath Falls, Oregon, on Wednesday, July 14.Evacuee Dee McCarley hugs her cat Bunny at a Red Cross center in Klamath Falls, Oregon, on Wednesday, July 14. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestEvacuee Dee McCarley hugs her cat Bunny at a Red Cross center in Klamath Falls, Oregon, on Wednesday, July 14.Hide Caption 13 of 20An airplane drops fire retardant on the Chuweah Creek Fire in Washington on July 14.An airplane drops fire retardant on the Chuweah Creek Fire in Washington on July 14. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestAn airplane drops fire retardant on the Chuweah Creek Fire in Washington on July 14.Hide Caption 14 of 20Operations Section Chief Bert Thayer examines a map of the Bootleg Fire in Chiloquin, Oregon, on Tuesday, July 13.Operations Section Chief Bert Thayer examines a map of the Bootleg Fire in Chiloquin, Oregon, on Tuesday, July 13. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestOperations Section Chief Bert Thayer examines a map of the Bootleg Fire in Chiloquin, Oregon, on Tuesday, July 13.Hide Caption 15 of 20Fire consumes a home as the Sugar Fire, part of the Beckwourth Complex Fire, tears through Doyle, California, on July 10. It's the <a href="https://www.cnn.com/2021/07/14/weather/california-doyle-second-wildfire-in-a-year/index.html" target="_blank">second time in less than a year</a> that the small town has been ravaged by a wildfire.Fire consumes a home as the Sugar Fire, part of the Beckwourth Complex Fire, tears through Doyle, California, on July 10. It's the <a href="https://www.cnn.com/2021/07/14/weather/california-doyle-second-wildfire-in-a-year/index.html" target="_blank">second time in less than a year</a> that the small town has been ravaged by a wildfire. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestFire consumes a home as the Sugar Fire, part of the Beckwourth Complex Fire, tears through Doyle, California, on July 10. It’s the second time in less than a year that the small town has been ravaged by a wildfire.Hide Caption 16 of 20Men hug a member of the Red Cross at a Bootleg Fire evacuation center in Klamath Falls, Oregon, on July 12.Men hug a member of the Red Cross at a Bootleg Fire evacuation center in Klamath Falls, Oregon, on July 12. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestMen hug a member of the Red Cross at a Bootleg Fire evacuation center in Klamath Falls, Oregon, on July 12.Hide Caption 17 of 20Embers blow across a field as the Sugar Fire burns in Doyle, California, on July 9.Embers blow across a field as the Sugar Fire burns in Doyle, California, on July 9. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestEmbers blow across a field as the Sugar Fire burns in Doyle, California, on July 9.Hide Caption 18 of 20Firefighters monitor the Sugar Fire in Doyle, California, on July 9.Firefighters monitor the Sugar Fire in Doyle, California, on July 9. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestFirefighters monitor the Sugar Fire in Doyle, California, on July 9.Hide Caption 19 of 20In this long-exposure photograph, taken early on July 2, flames surround a drought-stricken Shasta Lake during the Salt Fire in Lakehead, California.In this long-exposure photograph, taken early on July 2, flames surround a drought-stricken Shasta Lake during the Salt Fire in Lakehead, California. Photos: Wildfires raging in the WestIn this long-exposure photograph, taken early on July 2, flames surround a drought-stricken Shasta Lake during the Salt Fire in Lakehead, California.Hide Caption 20 of 2001 bootleg fire 071902 bootleg fire 071902 western wildfires03 western wildfires04 western wildfires05 western wildfires06 western wildfires07 western wildfires20 western wildfires19 western wildfires08 western wildfires10 western wildfires11 western wildfires09 western wildfires12 western wildfires14 western wildfires15 western wildfires16 western wildfires17 western wildfires18 western wildfires“I would categorize this fire season thus far as historic in terms of the amount of resources we’ve deployed, how many times we’ve deployed — within a three-week period we’ve mobilized to six conflagrations — and this is the earliest and most significant mobilization to date,” Mariana Ruiz-Temple with the Oregon Fire Marshall’s office said Tuesday.Read MoreAt least 1.29 million acres have burned in 83 large fires across 13 states as of Tuesday, according to an update from the National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC). More than 19,000 wildland firefighters and support personnel have been deployed to deal with the blazes.Wildfire smoke from the West's massive blazes stretches all the way to the East CoastWildfire smoke from the West's massive blazes stretches all the way to the East CoastWildfire smoke from the West's massive blazes stretches all the way to the East CoastAdvisories for elevated fire potential and activity have been issued across Idaho, California, Oregon and the Northern Rockies, according to NIFC.The effects of the fires stretch all the way to the East Coast. Extraordinary plumes of wildfire smoke are billowing out of these massive complexes, reaching so far up into the atmosphere that they are being carried thousands of miles east by high-level winds.It’s not just fires in the US contributing to the smokey haze. The Canadian province of British Columbia declared a state of emergency due to wildfires there that will go into effect Wednesday. Nearly 300 active wildfires have been reported in the province. Bootleg Fire is largest in countryIn Oregon, record-breaking, triple-digit temperatures and severe drought have devastated parts of the state.The conditions are fueling the Bootleg Fire in southern Oregon, which is the largest burning wildfire in the country. The Bootleg Fire has scorched 388,360 acres and prompted evacuations with only 32% containment, according to Inciweb, the US clearinghouse for wildfire information.Oregon Gov. Kate Brown cited recent fires, ice storms, record-breaking high temperatures and drought emergencies as evidence that climate change is impacting her state. “There’s absolutely no question that climate change is playing out for before our eyes,” Brown said at a news conference Tuesday. “We saw the heat dome event a few weeks ago; we unfortunately lost a lot of Oregonians through that event. In February, we saw devastating ice storms, over a half a million people lost power last fall, as you are well aware; we’ve had unprecedented wildfires.”Scientists are worried by how fast the climate crisis has amplified extreme weatherScientists are worried by how fast the climate crisis has amplified extreme weatherScientists are worried by how fast the climate crisis has amplified extreme weatherFire potential in the state is being driven by drought conditions, with 90% of the Oregon in either exceptional, extreme or severe drought, Doug Grafe, chief of fire protection at the Oregon Department of Forestry said while forecasting a “long, difficult fire season.”He said it’s possible that another 50,000 to 100,000 acres could burn before the Bootleg Fire is contained. “The future for us for the remainder of the season continues to look above normal dry and above normal temperatures,” Graffe said. “So this is not going to return to normal anytime soon.”CNN meteorologist Michael Guy said Red Flag warnings in the area will continue through Wednesday, signaling dry and windy conditions with lots of smoke. After Thursday, the skies will clear, which could help slow the fire’s spread.As a result of the fires, 62 members of the Oregon National Guard have been deployed, along with Blackhawk helicopters to provide water drops, fire spotting and medivac support, Major General Michael E. Stencel, Adjutant General of the Oregon National Guard said.In addition to feeding fires, Oregon’s hot, dry conditions are also impacting Christmas trees grown in the state.”It’s killing them,” Jacob Hemphill, a Christmas tree farmer in Clackamas County, said of the relentless heat this summer. “It’s horrible, there is nothing we can do.”Unusually warm temperatures and severe dryness this year have caused irreversible burns on many trees, resulting in fewer trees to choose from this upcoming holiday season as well as potentially higher prices, growers said.California’s Dixie Fire may have been sparked by electrical equipmentFurther south, the Dixie Fire has burned more than 61,376 acres in Butte County, California, after igniting on July 13, according to Inciweb. It is approximately 15% contained.Butte County is the site of California’s deadliest and most destructive wildfire in 2018, the Camp Fire. It burned a total of 153,336 acres, destroyed 18,804 structures, and killed 85 people.The Dixie Fire is so intense, it produced a thunderstorm, Incident Meteorologist Julia Ruthford said in a briefing Monday night. “The fire actually generated a thunderstorm over itself that led to some lightning out ahead of it and some really gusty and erratic winds due to that extreme, extreme conditions due to the thunderstorm overhead,” she said.Evacuations have been ordered in the area and the fire already destroyed two structures and threatens more than 800 others.This California firefighter has been on the job 25 years. He's seen firsthand how wildfires have worsenedThis California firefighter has been on the job 25 years. He's seen firsthand how wildfires have worsenedThis California firefighter has been on the job 25 years. He's seen firsthand how wildfires have worsenedOn Tuesday, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) said the fire may have been sparked by equipment it manages. In a preliminary filing with the California Public Utilities Commission, PG&E detailed an outage alert July 13, the same day the fire started. A responding utility worker found three blown fuses and a tree leaning into a pole, with a small fire on the ground near the base of the tree.The fire was reported to authorities and California Fire and Protection sent aerial firefighters to douse the flames, which had jumped from an initial estimate of 1-2 acres, to 10-15, according to the filing.Since then, the fire has grown exponentially, burning in “remote areas with limited access and steep terrain,” Cal Fire said, which is hampering access by ground crews.In a news release issued Tuesday night, Cal Fire said the Dixie Fire would be active overnight and additional firefighting resources would be arriving on scene.Near the California-Nevada border, the Tamarack Fire, has grown to nearly 39,045 after sparking July 4, according to information from InciWeb.A lightning strike near the Alpine County, California, community of Markleeville started the fire, which has triggered mandatory evacuations for a number of campgrounds and neighborhoods in the area, and prompted road closures.

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https://www.cnn.com/2021/07/21/weather/us-western-wildfires-wednesday/index.html

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