London (CNN)Europe experienced its hottest summer on record this year and temperatures in the Mediterranean smashed records by large margins, the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service said Tuesday.

Like much of the Northern Hemisphere, Europe was battered by extreme weather events over recent months, including record levels of rain that triggered deadly floods in Germany and Belgium, and heatwaves that contributed to wildfires in the south of the region.The average temperature from the start of June until the end of August was around 0.1 degrees Celsius warmer than the previous hottest summers in 2010 and 2018, a relatively small increase. But it was a whole 1 degree C (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit) above the 1991-2020 average, reflecting the longer-term trend of human-caused global warming.The year 2020 was also the hottest on record for Europe overall. The increase in temperatures was not evenly distributed — as southern Europe broke heat records and the east was warmer than average, northern Europe experienced below-average summer heat. Read MoreItaly may have hit Europe's hottest day on record as anticyclone 'Lucifer' sweeps inItaly may have hit Europe's hottest day on record as anticyclone 'Lucifer' sweeps inItaly may have hit Europe's hottest day on record as anticyclone 'Lucifer' sweeps inCopernicus’ records go back to 1950, but because of the trend of global warming, this summer is likely to also be a record for the whole industrial era.Italy recorded a temperature of 48.8 degrees C (119.8 degrees F) on August 11 in Sicily. If verified by the World Meteorological Organization, that would be the hottest day ever recorded in Europe. The hottest before that was 48.0 C in Athens, Greece in 1977.The heat was related to an anticyclone that impacted Spain as well, and followed extreme heat in Greece and Turkey, which experienced destructive wildfires.And temperatures at the Greenland summit over the weekend of August 14-15 rose above freezing for the third time in less than a decade, causing rain to fall there for the first time on record, with 7 billion tons of water falling on the ice sheet.Human-made climate change is making extreme weather events more frequent and intense. Many major heatwave events globally have been scientifically linked to climate change. A recent analysis by the World Weather Attribution project also found that climate change had made the German and Belgian floods more likely.Like wildfires, flooding can also be related to high temperatures. Sustained heat can worsen drought conditions, but it can also increase the amount of water vapor held in the atmosphere, which can make rainfall heavier, even if it is less frequent.Firefighters battle a wildfire near Avila, Spain, on August 16.Firefighters battle a wildfire near Avila, Spain, on August 16. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesFirefighters battle a wildfire near Avila, Spain, on August 16.Hide Caption 1 of 32A helicopter drops water as a wildfire burns in the village of Navalmoral, Spain, on August 16. A helicopter drops water as a wildfire burns in the village of Navalmoral, Spain, on August 16. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesA helicopter drops water as a wildfire burns in the village of Navalmoral, Spain, on August 16. Hide Caption 2 of 32A man works to douse a fire in Montalto, Italy, on August 12.A man works to douse a fire in Montalto, Italy, on August 12. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesA man works to douse a fire in Montalto, Italy, on August 12.Hide Caption 3 of 32Forest fires rage on the Greek island of Euboea on August 11.Forest fires rage on the Greek island of Euboea on August 11. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesForest fires rage on the Greek island of Euboea on August 11.Hide Caption 4 of 32This aerial photo shows a wildfire-affected area in Mugla, Turkey, on August 11.This aerial photo shows a wildfire-affected area in Mugla, Turkey, on August 11. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesThis aerial photo shows a wildfire-affected area in Mugla, Turkey, on August 11.Hide Caption 5 of 32Remains of an 18th-century Orthodox church are seen on August 10, after a fire on the Greek island of Evia.Remains of an 18th-century Orthodox church are seen on August 10, after a fire on the Greek island of Evia. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesRemains of an 18th-century Orthodox church are seen on August 10, after a fire on the Greek island of Evia.Hide Caption 6 of 32Local youths and volunteers gather in a field and wait to support firefighters during a wildfire on August 9, close to the village of Kamatriades on the Greek island of Evia.Local youths and volunteers gather in a field and wait to support firefighters during a wildfire on August 9, close to the village of Kamatriades on the Greek island of Evia. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesLocal youths and volunteers gather in a field and wait to support firefighters during a wildfire on August 9, close to the village of Kamatriades on the Greek island of Evia.Hide Caption 7 of 32People sleep in a car near the beach in Pefki village as wildfires rage on the island of Evia on August 8.People sleep in a car near the beach in Pefki village as wildfires rage on the island of Evia on August 8. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesPeople sleep in a car near the beach in Pefki village as wildfires rage on the island of Evia on August 8.Hide Caption 8 of 32A resident reacts as a wildfire approaches her house in the Greek village of Gouves, on the island of Evia, on August 8.A resident reacts as a wildfire approaches her house in the Greek village of Gouves, on the island of Evia, on August 8. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesA resident reacts as a wildfire approaches her house in the Greek village of Gouves, on the island of Evia, on August 8.Hide Caption 9 of 32A house in Pefkofito, Greece, is destroyed on August 7.A house in Pefkofito, Greece, is destroyed on August 7. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesA house in Pefkofito, Greece, is destroyed on August 7.Hide Caption 10 of 32A firefighter washes his face in the Milas area of Mugla, Turkey, on August 7.A firefighter washes his face in the Milas area of Mugla, Turkey, on August 7. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesA firefighter washes his face in the Milas area of Mugla, Turkey, on August 7.Hide Caption 11 of 32People are evacuated on a ferry as a wildfire burns in Limni, Greece, on August 6.People are evacuated on a ferry as a wildfire burns in Limni, Greece, on August 6. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesPeople are evacuated on a ferry as a wildfire burns in Limni, Greece, on August 6.Hide Caption 12 of 32A satellite photo shows smoke rising from fires on the island of Evia, Greece, on August 5.A satellite photo shows smoke rising from fires on the island of Evia, Greece, on August 5. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesA satellite photo shows smoke rising from fires on the island of Evia, Greece, on August 5.Hide Caption 13 of 32Firefighters try to extinguish a wildfire near the town of Olympia, Greece, on August 5.Firefighters try to extinguish a wildfire near the town of Olympia, Greece, on August 5. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesFirefighters try to extinguish a wildfire near the town of Olympia, Greece, on August 5.Hide Caption 14 of 32Residents react during a wildfire near Olympia on August 5.Residents react during a wildfire near Olympia on August 5. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesResidents react during a wildfire near Olympia on August 5.Hide Caption 15 of 32The grounds of a burnt hotel are seen in Lalas village, near Olympia, on August 5.The grounds of a burnt hotel are seen in Lalas village, near Olympia, on August 5. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesThe grounds of a burnt hotel are seen in Lalas village, near Olympia, on August 5.Hide Caption 16 of 32People move belongings to safety as a forest fire rages in a wooded area north of Athens, Greece, on August 5.People move belongings to safety as a forest fire rages in a wooded area north of Athens, Greece, on August 5. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesPeople move belongings to safety as a forest fire rages in a wooded area north of Athens, Greece, on August 5.Hide Caption 17 of 32A wildfire approaches the Olympic Academy in Olympia, Greece, on August 4.A wildfire approaches the Olympic Academy in Olympia, Greece, on August 4. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesA wildfire approaches the Olympic Academy in Olympia, Greece, on August 4.Hide Caption 18 of 32The remnants of a destroyed house are seen in the Varibobi area of northern Athens on August 4.The remnants of a destroyed house are seen in the Varibobi area of northern Athens on August 4. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesThe remnants of a destroyed house are seen in the Varibobi area of northern Athens on August 4.Hide Caption 19 of 32Onlookers view the smoke from the wildfires blanketing Athens' Acropolis on August 4.Onlookers view the smoke from the wildfires blanketing Athens' Acropolis on August 4. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesOnlookers view the smoke from the wildfires blanketing Athens’ Acropolis on August 4.Hide Caption 20 of 32A charred area of Mugla, Turkey, after a forest fire on August 3.A charred area of Mugla, Turkey, after a forest fire on August 3. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesA charred area of Mugla, Turkey, after a forest fire on August 3.Hide Caption 21 of 32Smoke and flames rise over the village of Limni on the Greek island of Evia.Smoke and flames rise over the village of Limni on the Greek island of Evia. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesSmoke and flames rise over the village of Limni on the Greek island of Evia.Hide Caption 22 of 32Firefighters work as a house burns in the Adames area of northern Athens on August 3.Firefighters work as a house burns in the Adames area of northern Athens on August 3. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesFirefighters work as a house burns in the Adames area of northern Athens on August 3.Hide Caption 23 of 32A woman pours water over a baby's head at a fountain in Skopje, North Macedonia, as temperatures reached over 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) on August 2. A woman pours water over a baby's head at a fountain in Skopje, North Macedonia, as temperatures reached over 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) on August 2. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesA woman pours water over a baby’s head at a fountain in Skopje, North Macedonia, as temperatures reached over 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) on August 2. Hide Caption 24 of 32A man leads sheep away from an advancing fire in Mugla, Turkey, on August 2.A man leads sheep away from an advancing fire in Mugla, Turkey, on August 2. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesA man leads sheep away from an advancing fire in Mugla, Turkey, on August 2.Hide Caption 25 of 32People watch an advancing fire that rages around the Cokertme village near Bodrum, Turkey, on August 2.People watch an advancing fire that rages around the Cokertme village near Bodrum, Turkey, on August 2. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesPeople watch an advancing fire that rages around the Cokertme village near Bodrum, Turkey, on August 2.Hide Caption 26 of 32Local residents watch as a Greek army helicopter collects water to tackle a wildfire near the village of Lambiri, Greece, on August 1.Local residents watch as a Greek army helicopter collects water to tackle a wildfire near the village of Lambiri, Greece, on August 1. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesLocal residents watch as a Greek army helicopter collects water to tackle a wildfire near the village of Lambiri, Greece, on August 1.Hide Caption 27 of 32A handout photo from the Italian National Fire Brigade shows an aerial view of a fire in the Pineta Dannunziana reserve in Pescara, Italy, on August 1.A handout photo from the Italian National Fire Brigade shows an aerial view of a fire in the Pineta Dannunziana reserve in Pescara, Italy, on August 1. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesA handout photo from the Italian National Fire Brigade shows an aerial view of a fire in the Pineta Dannunziana reserve in Pescara, Italy, on August 1.Hide Caption 28 of 32A man surveys a fire at Le Capannine beach in the Sicilian town of Catania, Italy, on July 30.A man surveys a fire at Le Capannine beach in the Sicilian town of Catania, Italy, on July 30. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesA man surveys a fire at Le Capannine beach in the Sicilian town of Catania, Italy, on July 30.Hide Caption 29 of 32Firefighters battle a massive wildfire that engulfed a Mediterranean resort region on Turkey's southern coast near the town of Manavgat on July 29.Firefighters battle a massive wildfire that engulfed a Mediterranean resort region on Turkey's southern coast near the town of Manavgat on July 29. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesFirefighters battle a massive wildfire that engulfed a Mediterranean resort region on Turkey’s southern coast near the town of Manavgat on July 29.Hide Caption 30 of 32A firefighter talks to his colleague as they work to put out fires in Cuglieri, on the Italian island of Sardinia, on July 26.A firefighter talks to his colleague as they work to put out fires in Cuglieri, on the Italian island of Sardinia, on July 26. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesA firefighter talks to his colleague as they work to put out fires in Cuglieri, on the Italian island of Sardinia, on July 26.Hide Caption 31 of 32A firefighting helicopter passes in front of a cloud of smoke from a forest fire near Spathovouni village, southwest of Athens, Greece, on July 23.A firefighting helicopter passes in front of a cloud of smoke from a forest fire near Spathovouni village, southwest of Athens, Greece, on July 23. Photos: Europe battles wildfires amid scorching heat wavesA firefighting helicopter passes in front of a cloud of smoke from a forest fire near Spathovouni village, southwest of Athens, Greece, on July 23.Hide Caption 32 of 3201 europe extreme summer weather 0816 02 europe extreme summer weather 0816 35 europe extreme weather 0812 italy33 europe extreme weather 0811 greece01 turkey fire 081131 europe extreme weather 0810 greece29 europe extreme weather 0809 Greece27 europe extreme weather 0808 greece21 europe extreme weather 0808 RESTRICTED17 europe extreme weather 0807 greece28 europe extreme weather 0807 turkey15 europe extreme weather 0806 greece22 europe extreme weather 0805 greece12 europe extreme weather 0805 greece13 europe extreme weather 0805 greece14 europe extreme weather 0805 greece09 europe extreme weather 0805 greece06 europe extreme weather 0804 greece05 europe extreme weather 0804 greece08 europe extreme weather 0804 greece09 southern europe climate 0803 Turkey04 europe extreme weather 0803 greece evia02 southern europe climate 0803 greece11 europe extreme weather 0802 north macedonia RESTRICTED10 southern europe climate 0802 Turkey02 europe extreme weather 0802 turkey04 southern europe climate 0801 greece07 southern europe climate 0801 italy01 europe extreme weather 0731 italy08 southern europe climate 0729 Turkey06 southern europe climate 0726 italy01 southern europe climate 0723 greeceWhen heavy rain falls on dried out soil, the ground struggles to absorb the water efficiently and contributes to flooding. World leaders agreed in 2015 to slash greenhouse gas emissions to contain global warming to 2 degrees C, but preferably 1.5 C, above pre-industrial levels to stave of worsening impacts of the climate crisis. Average global temperatures are already at around 1.2 C higher than pre-industrial levels. A report published in August by the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change projected that regardless of how much global temperatures rise, Europe is a region that will get hotter. Critical thresholds for humans and the region’s ecosystems will be exceeded if global warming reaches 2 C or more. At 1.5 C of warming, flooding caused by heavy rain is projected to increase in all parts of Europe, except for the south. At 2 C, the south is projected to experience an increase in drought conditions — a decrease in rain, warmer days and more days of extreme heat.

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https://www.cnn.com/2021/09/07/europe/europe-hottest-summer-climate-intl/index.html

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