The New York Police Department told Fox News the trio climbed into the globe around 3:15 p.m. Monday, unfurled a banner that read "Climate Justice Now," and poured red paint on top of the statue.
Each was charged with criminal mischief, criminal tampering and criminal trespassing.
Police did not immediately release their names.
The activists marched through Central Park before climbing the statue, WABC reported.
They had climbed the statue in 2018 as well, the station added.
The globe is located just outside of Trump International Hotel & Tower in Manhattan.