(CNN)Here’s a look at the life of Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro.
PersonalBirth date: November 23, 1962 Birth place: Caracas, VenezuelaBirth name: Nicolás Maduro MorosRead MoreFather: Nicolás Maduro GarcíaMother: Teresa de Jesús MorosMarriage: Cilia FloresChildren: Nicolás Jr.Other FactsWorked as a bus driver for Caracas Metro and belonged to the transit union. Maduro campaigned for Hugo Chavez’s release from prison for the 1992 attempted coup to overthrow President Carlos Andres Perez. After Chavez’s release, Maduro helped him found the political party Fifth Republic Movement.Timeline1999 – Maduro is elected to the National Constituent Assembly, the body convened to draft a new constitution.2000 – Is elected to the National Assembly, the country’s legislative branch of government2005-2006 – Serves as Speaker of the National Assembly.2006-2013 – Serves as foreign minister.October 12, 2012 – Is selected by President Chavez to serve as vice president. December 9, 2012 – Facing his fourth surgery for cancer, Chavez endorses Maduro to succeed him.March 8, 2013 – Is sworn in as interim president following the death of Chavez.April 14, 2013 – Wins the presidential election by fewer than two percentage points. Maduro’s opponent, Henrique Capriles Radonski demands a recount.April 17, 2013 – A manual recount is ruled as unconstitutional by the country’s chief justice.April 19, 2013 – Maduro is sworn in.September 30, 2013 – Maduro announces on state-run TV that he is expelling three US diplomats. He claims they were involved in a widespread power outage earlier in the month. “Get out of Venezuela,” he says, listing several names. “Yankee go home. Enough abuses already.”February 12, 2014 – Ongoing student protests attract global attention when three people are killed. Major social and economic problems have fueled the protests, with some blaming the government for those problems.February 20, 2014 – Venezuela revokes press credentials for CNN journalists in the country and denies them for other CNN journalists entering the country, following Maduro’s announcement that he would expel CNN if it did not “rectify” its coverage of anti-government protests, calling it war propaganda.February 21, 2014 – Maduro calls for US President Barack Obama to “accept the challenge” of holding direct talks with Venezuela.February 22, 2014 – Venezuela reissues press credentials for CNN journalists in the country.January 15, 2016 – Following the release of years of economic data, Maduro declares a state of economic emergency.May 1, 2017 – Maduro announces that he has signed an executive order paving the way for changes in the constitution that will reshape the legislature and redefine his executive powers. May 13, 2016 – Maduro declares a constitutional state of emergency, which expands on the economic emergency he declared in January. October 30, 2016 – Maduro participates in talks with political opponents for the first time in two years. July 30, 2017 – An election is held to replace the National Assembly with a new pro-Maduro legislative body called the National Constituent Assembly. Amid clashes between police and protestors, at least six people are killed. Although Maduro claims victory, opposition leaders say the vote is fraudulent. July 31, 2017 – The US Treasury Department sanctions Maduro’s assets and bars US citizens from dealing with him. This comes a day after elections are held for a new lawmaking body. January 24, 2018 – Announces he will run for re-election.May 20, 2018 – During an election denounced by opposition leaders and the international community, Maduro wins another six-year term. Voter turnout falls to 46%, down from an 80% participation rate in 2013. The next day, an alliance of 14 Latin American nations and Canada, known as the Lima Group, releases a statement calling the vote illegitimate. August 4, 2018 – Several drones armed with explosives fly towards Maduro in an apparent assassination attempt during a military parade. The next day, the interior minister announces that six people have been arrested in connection with the attack. Maduro is not injured. August 5, 2018 – Interior Minister Néstor Reverol says that six people have been arrested after the apparent assassination attempt on Maduro.September 8, 2018 – The New York Times reports secret meetings between US officials and Venezuelan military officers planning a coup against Maduro. CNN confirms the report, which describes a series of meetings over the course of a year.September 17, 2018 – Maduro is criticized for eating a lavish meal by celebrity chef Nusret Gökçe, also known as Salt Bae, in the midst of a food crisis. September 25, 2018 – The United States imposes sanctions on Maduro’s wife and three other members of his inner circle, as an attempt to weaken his grip on power.September 26, 2018 – Maduro speaks at the UN General Assembly, calling the humanitarian crisis in his country a “fabrication.” He accuses the United States and its Latin American allies of “trying to put their hands in our country.”October 8, 2018 – One of the suspects in the apparent assassination attempt dies in a fall from the tenth floor of a building. Intelligence officials say the death was a suicide. January 10, 2019 – Maduro is sworn in for his second term, although most democratic countries in the region refuse to recognize him as president. The Organization of American States says its member nations voted 19-6, with eight abstentions, to not recognize the legitimacy of Maduro’s government.January 23, 2019 – Juan Guaido, who leads the National Assembly, declares himself the interim president amid anti-government protests. Following Guaido’s announcement, US President Donald Trump says that the United States recognizes him as the legitimate president. Maduro accuses the United States of backing an attempted coup and gives US diplomats 72 hours to leave the country.April 30, 2019 – During a live televised address, Maduro claims troops loyal to him defeated a “coup-de-etat attempt” by Trump and national security adviser John Bolton. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo tells CNN that Maduro had been preparing to depart the country via airplane, but Russians convinced him to stay. A spokeswoman for the Russian foreign ministry says Pompeo’s claim is false. July 4, 2019 – The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights publishes a report highly critical of the Maduro regime. Based on research conducted January 2018 to May 2019, the report “highlights patterns of violations directly and indirectly affecting all human rights.” Responding a few days later, Maduro says the report contains manipulations and inaccurate data.March 26, 2020 – The Justice Department announces narco-terrorism and other criminal charges against Maduro and senior leaders from his government. Federal prosecutors in New York’s Southern District, Miami and Washington, DC, allege the officials are the leaders of the so-called Cartel de los Soles and coordinate with the Colombian rebel group FARC to traffic cocaine to the United States.May 4, 2020 – In a live address on state television, Maduro reports that two American “mercenaries” have been apprehended after a failed coup attempt to capture and remove him. He identifies the captured Americans as Luke Denman, 34, and Airan Berry, 41. He shows what he claims are the US passports and driver’s licenses of the men, along with their ID cards from Silvercorp, a Florida-based security services company. On August 8, the men are sentenced to 20 years in prison. Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisSupporters of Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido wave a Venezuelan flag as they wait for him to make an appearance in the country’s capital of Caracas on Monday, March 4.Hide Caption 1 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisGuaido greets supporters upon arriving at a Caracas airport on March 4. He crossed the border to Colombia in late February before embarking on a South American tour, meeting the presidents of Colombia, Brazil, Paraguay and Ecuador, along with US Vice President Mike Pence. By doing so, Guaido ignored a travel ban imposed on him by the country’s Supreme Court.Hide Caption 2 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisGuaido shakes hands with Pence in Bogota, Colombia, on Monday, February 25. The room was filled with humanitarian aid destined for Venezuela. Guaido’s wife, Fabiana Rosales, is pictured at left.Hide Caption 3 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisDemonstrators clash with Venezuelan soldiers at the Simon Bolivar International Bridge in Cucuta, Colombia, on Saturday, February 23.Hide Caption 4 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisSupporters of President Maduro take part in a march in Caracas on February 23.Hide Caption 5 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisGuaido supporters take part in a march in Caracas on February 23. Venezuelan security forces fired tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse a crowd demanding to cross the Venezuela-Colombia border, which was ordered closed by Maduro.Hide Caption 6 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisDemonstrators push a bus that was set on fire during clashes with the Venezuelan National Guard in Urena, Venezuela, on February 23.Hide Caption 7 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisMaduro waves the national flag during a pro-government march in Caracas on February 23. During the rally at the Venezuelan capital, Maduro told supporters he is breaking all diplomatic relations with Colombia and is calling for its ambassadors and consuls to leave Venezuela. Maduro recently began a second term after a 2018 vote that his political opposition and many in the international community denounced as a sham.Hide Caption 8 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisPeople attempt to salvage packages from a truck loaded with humanitarian aid after it was set ablaze on a bridge between Cucuta, Colombia, and Urena, Venezuela, on February 23.Hide Caption 9 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisVenezuelan opposition supporters protested in Caracas on Tuesday, February 12, calling on Maduro to let humanitarian aid into the economically crippled country.Hide Caption 10 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisGuaido addresses the crowd in Caracas on February 12.Hide Caption 11 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisA man wearing a Venezuelan flag sits on a traffic light during the demonstration in Caracas on February 12.Hide Caption 12 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisGuaido waves to supporters during the rally in Caracas on February 2.Hide Caption 13 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisAn anti-government protester wears glasses with a Venezuelan flag motif at the demonstration in Caracas on February 2.Hide Caption 14 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisProtesters gather for the Caracas rally on February 2.Hide Caption 15 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisMaduro supporters gather in Caracas on February 2.Hide Caption 16 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisOpposition demonstrators protest against Maduro’s government on Wednesday, January 30.Hide Caption 17 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisIn this handout photo released by the Miraflores Presidential Press Office, Maduro flashes a “V for victory” hand gesture after arriving at the Fort Tiuna military base in Caracas on January 30.Hide Caption 18 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisMembers of the National Police line up to guard the entrance of Venezuela’s Central University in Caracas during an anti-government protest on January 30.Hide Caption 19 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisGuaido speaks to reporters in Caracas on January 30. The United States and more than a dozen other countries have recognized Guaido as Venezuela’s legitimate ruler.Hide Caption 20 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisA Maduro mural is seen in the Petare slum of Caracas on Tuesday, January 29. Hide Caption 21 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisGuaido listens to deputy Rafael Veloz during a session at the National Assembly in Caracas on January 29. The Assembly met to debate a legal framework for creating a transitional government and calling new elections. Simultaneously, Venezuela’s attorney general asked the Supreme Court to freeze Guaido’s assets and bar him from leaving the country.Hide Caption 22 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisA view of the National Assembly building in Caracas on January 29.Hide Caption 23 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisThe president of Venezuela’s Supreme Court, Maikel Moreno, speaks at a news conference in Caracas on January 29.Hide Caption 24 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisA man pumps fuel at a gas station in Caracas on January 29. A day earlier, the United States announced sanctions against Venezuela’s state oil company, Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A.Hide Caption 25 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisSupporters of Venezuela’s opposition hold up letters that read “Justice” at a rally to hear Guaido speak in Caracas on Saturday, January 26.Hide Caption 26 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisGuaido speaks to reporters after attending Mass in Caracas on Sunday, January 27.Hide Caption 27 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisGovernment supporters in Caracas hold a rally in support of Maduro on January 26.Hide Caption 28 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisMaduro holds a news conference in Caracas on Friday, January 25. The Venezuelan strongman has accused Guaido and the United States of trying to orchestrate a coup against him.Hide Caption 29 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisPortraits of former Venezuelan leaders Simon Bolivar and Hugo Chavez hover in the background as Venezuelan Defense Minister Vladimir Padrino Lopez, bottom left, addresses a news conference in Caracas on Thursday, January 24. Venezuela’s top military officials swore their allegiance to Maduro after other nations recognized Guaido as head of state.Hide Caption 30 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisA man wrapped in a Venezuelan flag raises his arms in front of security forces during anti-government protests in Caracas on Wednesday, January 23.Hide Caption 31 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisOpposition supporters in Caracas protest Maduro on January 23.Hide Caption 32 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisOpposition supporters react to tear gas as they take part in the Caracas rally on January 23. Sporadic clashes erupted, but Maduro’s military response to the protests seemed more measured than in the past.Hide Caption 33 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisPolice secure an area in Caracas on January 23.Hide Caption 34 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisA National Police officer fires rubber bullets in Caracas.Hide Caption 35 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisPeople raise their hands to show solidarity with Guaido, who was declaring himself interim president on January 23.Hide Caption 36 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisA wounded protester in Caracas on January 23.Hide Caption 37 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisSecurity forces stand in a street full of stones after clashing with demonstrators in Caracas.Hide Caption 38 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisMaduro, speaking to a crowd of supporters at the Miraflores Palace in Caracas, holds up a document that says his government is breaking off diplomatic ties with the United States. “We cannot accept the invasive policies of the empire, the United States, the policies of Donald Trump,” he said to cheers from the crowd on January 23. “Venezuela is a land of liberators.”Hide Caption 39 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisA wounded protester shows his back as riot police clashed with opposition demonstrators in Caracas on January 23.Hide Caption 40 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisA man walks by a bus that had been set on fire in Caracas.Hide Caption 41 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisAn opposition demonstrator runs with a tear-gas canister on January 23.Hide Caption 42 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisGuaido greets a crowd in Caracas on January 23.Hide Caption 43 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisProtesters set up barricades to block a road in Caracas.Hide Caption 44 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisA National Police officer fires tear gas at demonstrators in Caracas while another shoots the scene with a cell phone.Hide Caption 45 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisDemonstrators in Caracas protest Maduro’s government.Hide Caption 46 of 47 Photos: In photos: Venezuela in crisisVenezuelan banknotes were thrown on the ground during the Maduro protests on January 23.Hide Caption 47 of 47
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