The last surviving leader of Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge regime on Thursday denied involvement in genocide and being responsible for crimes against humanity, in one of his final appearances before an international tribunal.

Khmer Rouge-era President Khieu Samphan, 90, was speaking during his appeal of a 2018 guilty verdict. It was one of only a few rulings against those deemed “most responsible” for the deaths of an estimated 1.7 million people from 1975-1979.None of the cadres have admitted being behind the atrocities of the “killing fields,” which wiped out a quarter of Cambodia’s population. “I categorically refute the accusation and the conviction that I had the intention to commit the crimes,” Khieu Samphan told the court.”No matter when it was, any crimes, be they crimes against humanity in any forms, no matter it was the genocide against the Vietnamese, the murders, I have never committed them.”Khmer Rouge leaders found guilty of genocide in landmark ruling Khmer Rouge leaders found guilty of genocide in landmark ruling Khmer Rouge leaders found guilty of genocide in landmark ruling Read MoreAs the former head of state for the Khmer Rouge, Khieu Samphan, also known as “Brother Number Four,” occupied a number of key roles as the government tortured, starved and killed its people. After the regime’s fall he took over as head of the movement and became its public face as it sought international credibility. He was arrested in 2007, and during his trial, expressed some remorse but claimed he was merely a figurehead and was not aware of the full extent of the atrocities.At the hearing on Thursday, Khieu Shamphan said his duty as president was ensuring national sovereignty and independence from Vietnam, whose invasion toppled the ultra-Maoist regime.Most of the victims died in labor camps or were bludgeoned to death in mass executions. Many were intellectuals or trained professionals — people considered counter-revolutionaries by the Khmer Rouge leadership bent on turning Cambodia into a purely agrarian society through ruthless social engineering policies.Guilty verdicts have so far been reached by the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia against three former top regime members, but several have died while on trial or before indictments were made.Khmer Rouge leaders found guilty of genocideKhmer Rouge leaders found guilty of genocideKhmer Rouge leaders found guilty of genocideJUST WATCHEDKhmer Rouge leaders found guilty of genocideReplayMore Videos …MUST WATCH

Khmer Rouge leaders found guilty of genocide 01:18Pol Pot, the architect of the “Year Zero” revolution that sought to create a peasant utopia, died in 1998.Khieu Samphan appealed his conviction on evidentiary and procedural grounds. He said the Cambodian people should know he was not to blame.”Many years of sitting as the defendant, at the end of this long case, it is important for me to inform you and especially inform the Cambodian people that I have never wanted to commit a crime against my compatriots or against anyone else,” he said.”No matter what you will decide, I will die in prison, I will die always remembering the suffering of my Cambodian people.”

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