(CNN)The storm known as Iota strengthened into a hurricane early Sunday and is expected to slam into Central America early next week — the very region already devastated by Hurricane Eta earlier this month — forecasters say.
Iota, which formed Friday at sea, was centered in the Caribbean about 440 miles east-southeast of the Nicaragua-Honduras border with maximum sustained winds of 75 mph as of 2 a.m. ET Sunday, the US National Hurricane Center said. It is forecast to rapidly strengthen over the next 24 hours.Iota — the 13th hurricane of the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season — is expected to continue heading west and make landfall somewhere in Central America, potentially near the Honduras-Nicaragua border by late Monday or early Tuesday, CNN meteorologist Tyler Mauldin said.The storm is forecast to be at or near major hurricane strength prior to making landfall across Central America, according to the NHC. A major hurricane is a hurricane with winds of at least 111 mph.Nicaragua has issued a hurricane warning from Sandy Bay Sirpi to the border with Honduras, and Honduras issued a hurricane warning from from the border of Nicaragua to Punta Patuca.Read MoreParts of those two countries could receive torrential rain totals of 2 to 3 feet, along with life-threatening storm surge. Besides delivering damaging winds, Iota could drop 8 to 16 inches of rain on Honduras, northern Nicaragua, eastern Guatemala and southern Belize through Thursday, the NHC said — unwelcome news for a region pummeled by Hurricane Eta last week.Costa Rica, Panama and northern Colombia could receive 4 to 8 inches of rain through Thursday, while El Salvador and southern Nicaragua could get 2 to 4 inches in the same period, the NHC said.Colombia’s government on Saturday issued a tropical storm warning for the islands of San Andres and Providencia. “This rainfall (from Iota) would lead to significant, life-threatening flash flooding and river flooding, along with landslides in areas of higher terrain,” the NHC said.Iota is 30th named storm in the Atlantic this year — the most ever for an Atlantic hurricane season. Central America devastated by Hurricane EtaEta crossed into northern Nicaragua on November 3 as a Category 4 hurricane, and pounded that country and Honduras, Guatemala and Belize for days with heavy rain. It caused landslides and serious flooding, and left scores of people dead or missing.In Central America, a devastating storm and an uncertain future The full scope of the damage from Eta likely won’t be known for a while. But the powerful storm, combined with the coronavirus pandemic, may be remembered as one of the worst natural disasters to hit the region.More than 3.6 million people across Central America have been affected by the storm to varying degrees, the Red Cross said earlier this week.Even before the storm, Nicaragua, Honduras, and Guatemala had poor public health systems that were struggling against Covid-19. With thousands in shelters, and social distancing hard to do, many fear that the disease will spread. Hospitals there now also face the burden of combating other illnesses related to the storm and flooding, from dengue to cholera to yellow fever.