Story highlightsAbout 4% of active shooting incidents involved women, FBI foundThere are fewer women behind firearm homicides and mass shootings, research shows

(CNN)As the investigation continues into why a female shooter opened fire at YouTube headquarters, data shows that it’s rare for women to carry out such shootings — making Tuesday’s incident unusual.

The shooting unfolded at the San Bruno, California, company premises when a woman shot and injured three people, and then apparently took her own life, officials said. She appeared to have killed herself with a handgun, San Bruno Police Chief Ed Barberini said. The woman has been identified as Nasim Najafi Aghdam, a 39-year-old from San Diego, California.The motive remains unclear.Police respond to YouTube headquarters in San Bruno, California, after gunshots <a href="https://www.cnn.com/2018/04/03/us/youtube-hq-shooting/index.html" target="_blank">were reported there</a> on Tuesday, April 3. At least three people were injured in a shooting, according to San Bruno Police Chief Ed Barberini, and the suspected shooter was found dead. Barberini said the dead woman appeared to take her own life but the investigation was just beginning.Police respond to YouTube headquarters in San Bruno, California, after gunshots <a href="https://www.cnn.com/2018/04/03/us/youtube-hq-shooting/index.html" target="_blank">were reported there</a> on Tuesday, April 3. At least three people were injured in a shooting, according to San Bruno Police Chief Ed Barberini, and the suspected shooter was found dead. Barberini said the dead woman appeared to take her own life but the investigation was just beginning. Photos: Shooting at YouTube headquartersPolice respond to YouTube headquarters in San Bruno, California, after gunshots were reported there on Tuesday, April 3. At least three people were injured in a shooting, according to San Bruno Police Chief Ed Barberini, and the suspected shooter was found dead. Barberini said the dead woman appeared to take her own life but the investigation was just beginning.Hide Caption 1 of 8Police walk outside the YouTube building. YouTube, which was founded in February 2005, quickly became the most well-known of several online video sites.Police walk outside the YouTube building. YouTube, which was founded in February 2005, quickly became the most well-known of several online video sites. Photos: Shooting at YouTube headquartersPolice walk outside the YouTube building. YouTube, which was founded in February 2005, quickly became the most well-known of several online video sites.Hide Caption 2 of 8Workers walk down a street near the YouTube complex.Workers walk down a street near the YouTube complex. Photos: Shooting at YouTube headquartersWorkers walk down a street near the YouTube complex.Hide Caption 3 of 8Burlingame Police Chief Eric Wollman hands a dog named Kimba to a man who didn't give his name but said he worked for YouTube.Burlingame Police Chief Eric Wollman hands a dog named Kimba to a man who didn't give his name but said he worked for YouTube. Photos: Shooting at YouTube headquartersBurlingame Police Chief Eric Wollman hands a dog named Kimba to a man who didn’t give his name but said he worked for YouTube.Hide Caption 4 of 8People gather outside the building. One YouTube employee said people were trying to get out of the building "as fast as they could."People gather outside the building. One YouTube employee said people were trying to get out of the building "as fast as they could." Photos: Shooting at YouTube headquartersPeople gather outside the building. One YouTube employee said people were trying to get out of the building “as fast as they could.”Hide Caption 5 of 8Overhead video from CNN affiliate KGO showed a heavy police presence. People gathered outside, and one by one they were were frisked and patted down by officers. Several roadways near the building were closed to traffic.Overhead video from CNN affiliate KGO showed a heavy police presence. People gathered outside, and one by one they were were frisked and patted down by officers. Several roadways near the building were closed to traffic. Photos: Shooting at YouTube headquartersOverhead video from CNN affiliate KGO showed a heavy police presence. People gathered outside, and one by one they were were frisked and patted down by officers. Several roadways near the building were closed to traffic.Hide Caption 6 of 8Officers run toward the building after the shooting.Officers run toward the building after the shooting. Photos: Shooting at YouTube headquartersOfficers run toward the building after the shooting.Hide Caption 7 of 8The city of San Bruno received multiple 911 calls from people reporting shots fired, City Manager Connie Jackson told CNN.The city of San Bruno received multiple 911 calls from people reporting shots fired, City Manager Connie Jackson told CNN. Photos: Shooting at YouTube headquartersThe city of San Bruno received multiple 911 calls from people reporting shots fired, City Manager Connie Jackson told CNN.Hide Caption 8 of 811 youtube incident 040312 youtube incident 040319 youtube incident20 youtube incident09 Youtube incident 06 youtube incident SCREENGRAB05 youtube incident02 youtube incident SCREENGRAB hands upWomen are rarely behind active shooting incidents, according to an FBI analysis published in 2013. Read MoreThe FBI examined active shooter incidents, defined as “an individual engaging in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and populated area” in the US. Nine of the 220 incidents (about 4%) had female shooters, according to the FBI list from 2000 to 2016. The women in those shootings were usually armed with handguns and opened fire inside colleges, businesses, their current or former workplaces, according to the list. The latest incident at YouTube may not qualify as a mass shooting or murder as three of the victims are hospitalized with injuries.But in general, there are less female shooters when it comes to firearm homicides, said Adam Lankford, criminal justice professor at the University of Alabama. FBI data from 2016 showed that 7.6% murder offenders in 2016 were female. “Research shows that basically males commit more homicides than females, regardless of the subtype of homicide,” Lankford said. When it comes to mass shootings, there isn’t one accepted definition. The Gun Violence Archive, which compiles data, defines it as an incident in which an offender shoots or kills four or more people. And the Congressional Research Service’s defines it as when the perpetrator kills four or more people, selecting victims randomly and attacks in a public place. But in those incidents, female mass shooters are rare. None of the perpetrators behind the 28 mass attacks in 2017 were female, according to a report by the US Secret Service.Lankford’s study looked at 292 public mass shooters worldwide found that only one of those was female. When asked why women are rarely mass shooters, Lankford said: “We can’t really answer that question of differences between male and female offenders because we don’t have enough female offenders. The problem, or the good news, is we don’t have enough female offenders for a statically significant sample.”But there have been cases where women have carried out deadly mass shootings. A married couple, Syed Rizwan Farook, and his wife, Tashfeen Malik massacred 14 people at a holiday party in 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Farook had worked with the San Bernardino County health department, which was hosting the party when the attack took place. They were both killed in a shootout with police. On January 30, 2006, Jennifer San Marco visited her former place of employment, a postal distribution center in Goleta, California, and fatally shot six employees after killing a one-time neighbor. She then killed herself.

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https://www.cnn.com/2018/04/04/health/female-shooters-youtube/index.html

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