New Delhi (CNN)As India continues to grapple with an unrelenting second wave of Covid-19, some neighboring countries in South Asia are seeing their own surges in case numbers, prompting border closures and travel bans.

India is now reporting approximately 1 million new coronavirus cases every three days, with the daily death toll exceeding 3,293 on Wednesday, according to data from the Indian Ministry of Health. The outbreak has pushed the country’s healthcare system to near breaking point. With no space left in hospitals, patients are being left to die at home, in ambulances and outside clinics. Even those who are given a bed remain in danger, with hospitals running out of oxygen and asking patients’ families to bring their own.Workers prepare beds to set up a Covid-19 isolation center inside a sports stadium in Srinagar, India, on April 27. Workers prepare beds to set up a Covid-19 isolation center inside a sports stadium in Srinagar, India, on April 27. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisWorkers prepare beds to set up a Covid-19 isolation center inside a sports stadium in Srinagar, India, on April 27. Hide Caption 1 of 26Multiple funeral pyres burn in New Delhi on April 27.Multiple funeral pyres burn in New Delhi on April 27. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisMultiple funeral pyres burn in New Delhi on April 27.Hide Caption 2 of 26A health worker collects a Covid-19 test swab at a hospital in Noida on April 26.A health worker collects a Covid-19 test swab at a hospital in Noida on April 26. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisA health worker collects a Covid-19 test swab at a hospital in Noida on April 26.Hide Caption 3 of 26Umar Farooq mourns at the grave of his mother, a Covid-19 victim, in Srinagar on April 26.Umar Farooq mourns at the grave of his mother, a Covid-19 victim, in Srinagar on April 26. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisUmar Farooq mourns at the grave of his mother, a Covid-19 victim, in Srinagar on April 26.Hide Caption 4 of 26Health workers turn away an ambulance at the main entrance of the Lok Nayayak Jaiprakash Hospital in New Delhi on April 25. Many hospitals in the capital are facing supply shortages.Health workers turn away an ambulance at the main entrance of the Lok Nayayak Jaiprakash Hospital in New Delhi on April 25. Many hospitals in the capital are facing supply shortages. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisHealth workers turn away an ambulance at the main entrance of the Lok Nayayak Jaiprakash Hospital in New Delhi on April 25. Many hospitals in the capital are facing supply shortages.Hide Caption 5 of 26A worker digs a grave for a Covid-19 victim in Gauhati on April 25. A worker digs a grave for a Covid-19 victim in Gauhati on April 25. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisA worker digs a grave for a Covid-19 victim in Gauhati on April 25. Hide Caption 6 of 26A relative of a Covid-19 victim is consoled by another during a cremation in Jammu on April 25.A relative of a Covid-19 victim is consoled by another during a cremation in Jammu on April 25. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisA relative of a Covid-19 victim is consoled by another during a cremation in Jammu on April 25.Hide Caption 7 of 26People wait to refill their oxygen cylinders at a refilling station in Allahabad on April 24.People wait to refill their oxygen cylinders at a refilling station in Allahabad on April 24. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisPeople wait to refill their oxygen cylinders at a refilling station in Allahabad on April 24.Hide Caption 8 of 26A man inspects an intensive-care ward after a fire broke out at a Covid-19 hospital in Virar on April 23. At least 13 Covid-19 patients were killed in the fire.A man inspects an intensive-care ward after a fire broke out at a Covid-19 hospital in Virar on April 23. At least 13 Covid-19 patients were killed in the fire. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisA man inspects an intensive-care ward after a fire broke out at a Covid-19 hospital in Virar on April 23. At least 13 Covid-19 patients were killed in the fire.Hide Caption 9 of 26This aerial photo, taken with a drone, shows a mass cremation in New Delhi on April 22.This aerial photo, taken with a drone, shows a mass cremation in New Delhi on April 22. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisThis aerial photo, taken with a drone, shows a mass cremation in New Delhi on April 22.Hide Caption 10 of 26Ambulances carrying Covid-19 patients line up outside a government hospital in Ahmedabad on April 22.Ambulances carrying Covid-19 patients line up outside a government hospital in Ahmedabad on April 22. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisAmbulances carrying Covid-19 patients line up outside a government hospital in Ahmedabad on April 22.Hide Caption 11 of 26People line up for vaccines at an indoor stadium in Guwahati on April 22.People line up for vaccines at an indoor stadium in Guwahati on April 22. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisPeople line up for vaccines at an indoor stadium in Guwahati on April 22.Hide Caption 12 of 26A relative of a Covid-19 victim breaks down during a cremation in New Delhi on April 20.A relative of a Covid-19 victim breaks down during a cremation in New Delhi on April 20. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisA relative of a Covid-19 victim breaks down during a cremation in New Delhi on April 20.Hide Caption 13 of 26Police officers patrol a deserted street in New Delhi on April 20. The city is on lockdown until May 3.Police officers patrol a deserted street in New Delhi on April 20. The city is on lockdown until May 3. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisPolice officers patrol a deserted street in New Delhi on April 20. The city is on lockdown until May 3.Hide Caption 14 of 26Signs inform people that a vaccination center in Mumbai was out of vaccines on April 20.Signs inform people that a vaccination center in Mumbai was out of vaccines on April 20. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisSigns inform people that a vaccination center in Mumbai was out of vaccines on April 20.Hide Caption 15 of 26Migrant workers crowd the Kaushambi bus station on April 19. They were trying to return home after a lockdown order was announced in the capital.Migrant workers crowd the Kaushambi bus station on April 19. They were trying to return home after a lockdown order was announced in the capital. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisMigrant workers crowd the Kaushambi bus station on April 19. They were trying to return home after a lockdown order was announced in the capital.Hide Caption 16 of 26A woman waits to receive a Covid-19 vaccine in Mumbai on April 18.A woman waits to receive a Covid-19 vaccine in Mumbai on April 18. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisA woman waits to receive a Covid-19 vaccine in Mumbai on April 18.Hide Caption 17 of 26Relatives of a Covid-19 victim mourn for their loved one outside a government hospital in Ahmedabad on April 17.Relatives of a Covid-19 victim mourn for their loved one outside a government hospital in Ahmedabad on April 17. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisRelatives of a Covid-19 victim mourn for their loved one outside a government hospital in Ahmedabad on April 17.Hide Caption 18 of 26Migrant workers line up at a railway station to leave Mumbai ahead of a lockdown on April 14.Migrant workers line up at a railway station to leave Mumbai ahead of a lockdown on April 14. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisMigrant workers line up at a railway station to leave Mumbai ahead of a lockdown on April 14.Hide Caption 19 of 26People gather at a Srinagar mosque on the first day of <a href="http://www.cnn.com/2021/04/13/world/gallery/ramadan-2021/index.html" target="_blank">Ramadan</a> on April 14.People gather at a Srinagar mosque on the first day of <a href="http://www.cnn.com/2021/04/13/world/gallery/ramadan-2021/index.html" target="_blank">Ramadan</a> on April 14. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisPeople gather at a Srinagar mosque on the first day of Ramadan on April 14.Hide Caption 20 of 26A Hindu priest puts a face mask on an idol of the Goddess Ashapura during Navaratri celebrations in Beawar on April 13.A Hindu priest puts a face mask on an idol of the Goddess Ashapura during Navaratri celebrations in Beawar on April 13. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisA Hindu priest puts a face mask on an idol of the Goddess Ashapura during Navaratri celebrations in Beawar on April 13.Hide Caption 21 of 26Hindu holy men wade into the Ganges River during the Kumbh Mela religious festival on April 12. People also packed the streets of Haridwar for what is the largest religious pilgrimage on Earth, and <a href="https://edition.cnn.com/2021/04/12/india/india-covid-kumbh-mela-crowd-intl-hnk-scli/index.html" target="_blank">the massive crowds created concern.</a>Hindu holy men wade into the Ganges River during the Kumbh Mela religious festival on April 12. People also packed the streets of Haridwar for what is the largest religious pilgrimage on Earth, and <a href="https://edition.cnn.com/2021/04/12/india/india-covid-kumbh-mela-crowd-intl-hnk-scli/index.html" target="_blank">the massive crowds created concern.</a> Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisHindu holy men wade into the Ganges River during the Kumbh Mela religious festival on April 12. People also packed the streets of Haridwar for what is the largest religious pilgrimage on Earth, and the massive crowds created concern.Hide Caption 22 of 26Protesters wearing protective suits lie on a street near the Election Commission office in Kolkata on April 7. They were calling for a stop to the ongoing state legislative election and its associated campaign rallies.Protesters wearing protective suits lie on a street near the Election Commission office in Kolkata on April 7. They were calling for a stop to the ongoing state legislative election and its associated campaign rallies. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisProtesters wearing protective suits lie on a street near the Election Commission office in Kolkata on April 7. They were calling for a stop to the ongoing state legislative election and its associated campaign rallies.Hide Caption 23 of 26Children wear face shields at a martial-arts class in Kolkata on April 5.Children wear face shields at a martial-arts class in Kolkata on April 5. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisChildren wear face shields at a martial-arts class in Kolkata on April 5.Hide Caption 24 of 26Supporters of the Bharatiya Janata Party wear masks of Prime Minister Narendra Modi during an election rally in Sonarpur on April 3.Supporters of the Bharatiya Janata Party wear masks of Prime Minister Narendra Modi during an election rally in Sonarpur on April 3. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisSupporters of the Bharatiya Janata Party wear masks of Prime Minister Narendra Modi during an election rally in Sonarpur on April 3.Hide Caption 25 of 26Social distancing was not easy to achieve as people walked through a busy market in Old Delhi on March 27.Social distancing was not easy to achieve as people walked through a busy market in Old Delhi on March 27. Photos: India's Covid-19 crisisSocial distancing was not easy to achieve as people walked through a busy market in Old Delhi on March 27.Hide Caption 26 of 2603 india coronavirus 0427 srinagar india01 india coronavirus 042702 india coronavirus 042615c india covid gallery 042318 india covid gallery 0425 RESTRICTED02 india coronavirus 042502 india coronvairus 042503 india coronvairus 042416 india covid gallery 042307 india covid modi government intl hnk dst02 india covid modi government intl hnk dst13 india covid gallery 042212 india covid gallery 0420 RESTRICTEDRESTRICTED closed shops new delhi india 042001 india coronvairus 042011 india covid gallery 0419 RESTRICTED01 india covid gallery 041802 india coronavirus crisis 041701 coronavirus gallery 0414 india09 india covid gallery 041417 india covid gallery 0413 RESTRICTED02 india covid gallery 041207 india covid gallery 040706 india covid gallery 040508 india covid gallery 0403 RESTRICTED04 india covid gallery 0327 RESTRICTEDIn the city of Surat in Gujarat state, nearly 150 people are being turned away from hospitals every day, said Dr. Hiral Shah, president of the state-level Indian Medical Association.”Our hospitals are overwhelmed with our own population and we are running low on oxygen so we are not able to admit those coming in from surrounding areas,” he said. “The supply (of oxygen) is uncertain, hospitals don’t know what will happen today or tomorrow.Read MoreWith desperate scenes like those in Gujarat unfolding across India, neighboring countries have reason to be nervous. India’s second wave emerged alongside a new local variant identified in late March, which has since been detected in numerous countries around the world including Italy, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Scientists are still conducting genomic sequencing on the Indian variant, and no formal data has been published, meaning it remains unknown exactly how contagious the variant is, or what additional risks it might pose. India is spiraling deeper into Covid-19 crisis. Here's what you need to knowIndia is spiraling deeper into Covid-19 crisis. Here's what you need to knowIndia is spiraling deeper into Covid-19 crisis. Here's what you need to knowBut given the speed and severity with which the second wave has devastated India, countries are taking no chances, with many implementing travel bans and suspending flights from India. In an address Saturday, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani warned that should the Indian variant arrive in Iran, the country “will have a big problem.”India shares land borders with Pakistan, Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan and Bangladesh. Some of these borders are porous, with residents crossing back and forth every day. Several of these countries are grappling with their own surges in case numbers, despite closing borders and imposing restrictions. Nepal, which has identified cases of the Indian variant, has limited health care infrastructure and access to life-saving resources, raising fears it is ill-equipped to deal with a massive outbreak like the one ravaging India.Pakistan, Nepal and BangladeshNepal, which borders India’s northeast, had seen case numbers begin to fall in February, with newly identified cases hovering between 50 to 100 each day. But infections erupted in mid-April as India’s second wave picked up speed — and daily cases are now in the thousands.The outbreak is so far centered in the capital Kathmandu, and the border city of Nepalgunj in Lumbini Province. The rise in cases is partly due to Nepalis returning from India, said Dr. Krishna Prasad Poudel, director of the country’s Epidemiology and Disease Control Division. Several variants, including the ones first detected in India and the United Kingdom, have been detected in Nepali patients. Other contributing factors could be the open markets, crowded public spaces, and festivals where people celebrated without maintaining public health precautions, he added.People wait to board a bus back to their home villages after new government restrictions in Kathmandu, Nepal, on April 27.People wait to board a bus back to their home villages after new government restrictions in Kathmandu, Nepal, on April 27.People wait to board a bus back to their home villages after new government restrictions in Kathmandu, Nepal, on April 27.In an effort to curb the spread of the disease, the government has imposed local lockdowns in a number of cities that go into effect on Thursday, and will last for 15 days.But hospitals are already feeling the strain. Bheri Hospital, located in the hotspot city Nepalgunj, is seeing patients fill up hospital beds while oxygen supplies are depleting. “Now the hospital beds are full, this is the beginning of another wave,” said Dr. Sher Bahadur Pun of the Sukraraj Tropical and Infectious Disease Hospital in Kathmandu.Bangladesh, to the east of India, also saw its cases start to surge in March, reaching a peak in early April that far exceeded all previous waves. But cases have since fallen, with authorities imposing a strict lockdown and suspending air travel. On Monday, the country sealed its border with India for two weeks, though trade will continue. Army troops help enforce new Covid-19 restrictions in Karachi, Pakistan, on April 27.Army troops help enforce new Covid-19 restrictions in Karachi, Pakistan, on April 27.Army troops help enforce new Covid-19 restrictions in Karachi, Pakistan, on April 27.Oxygen supplies are also running low in Pakistan, which borders India to the west. Cases there began creeping up in early March, accelerating toward the end of the month in tandem with India’s outbreak.The country reported 201 deaths on Wednesday — its highest single-day Covid death toll yet. More than 88,000 cases are still active.The country’s ministry of health confirmed that it has not yet identified a case of the Indian variant. All types of travel from India have been banned since April 19.In a televised address last week, the head of the National Command and Control Center on coronavirus warned that the country had used up 90% of its oxygen supply and was facing an “emergency” situation.Army soldiers patrol on a street to implement new restrictions against Covid-19 in Lahore, Pakistan, on April 26.Army soldiers patrol on a street to implement new restrictions against Covid-19 in Lahore, Pakistan, on April 26.Army soldiers patrol on a street to implement new restrictions against Covid-19 in Lahore, Pakistan, on April 26.In response, the government called in the military to help enforce Covid-19 guidelines, and imposed a number of new restrictions including closing outdoor dining, gyms, and schools through grade 12. The country is also banning all tourism and inter-provincial travel during the Eid holidays in May, one of the most important festivals of the Islamic calendar.But Prime Minister Imran Khan has been wary of lockdowns, saying he wants to avoid ordering one “to save the livelihoods of the poorest in the country” in a televised address last week. However, he warned, if people didn’t follow the Covid safety guidelines, he might be left with “no other option.”

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https://www.cnn.com/2021/04/28/india/india-covid-south-asia-intl-hnk/index.html

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